stanford prison experiment ethical issues

competence, based on their education, training and supervised experience. Essay, Ask Writer For Most men are not accustomed to wearing dresses, and real prisoners do not wear them. One of the ethical issues surrounding the Stanford prison experiment was the _____. this book provides a discussion of ethical issues devoted specifically to a particular method (e.g., experimental design, survey), this chapter will highlight the general ethical considerations everyone should consider before beginning his or her research. Additionally, what are the ethical issues in the Stanford Prison Experiment? Zimbardo expected that, as a defense, the guards in charge of the Iraqi prisoners would state that their environment dictated their actions. Retrieved January 10, 2007, from Stanford prison experiment Web site: http://www.prisonexp.org/slide-21.htm, Ethical Implications of the Stanford Prison Experiment. (Newman, et.al., 2002 p. 53) In regard to law enforcement, the experiment taught the researchers how important it is to treat prisoners humanely. Ethical Issues to the Stanford Prison Experiment. Common prison garb is functional, but not comfortable. The experiment could not be replicated by researchers today because it fails to meet the standards established by numerous ethical codes, including the Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association. Today, the experiment is used in comparison with the treatment of the Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib. § In reading and researching the Stanford Prison Experiment, all of the code violations mentioned above were easily recognizable. It was expected that the participants would get into their roles, but not to the extent to which it occurred. They would not be permitted to wear underwear, but they would wear a stocking cap to simulate having their heads shaven, and a small chain to reinforce the idea of captivity. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. The most unexpected result was that Zimbardo himself had trouble separating himself from the experiment: It wasn’t until much later that I realized how far into my prison role I was at that point — that I was thinking like a prison superintendent rather than a research psychologist. Additionally, the participants who were selected as prisoners did not give consent to being arrested at their own homes because the … In the prison environment, controls must be in place to prevent the guards from becoming cruel dictators and the prisoners from accepting inhumane conditions without complaint or recourse. A parole board was convened, and participants were given the opportunity to leave as long as they were willing to give up the participation fee. This study highlights the need for informed consent and guides future researchers in how (not) to conduct a valid research study. Help, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. Retrieved January 9, 2007, from Wikipedia Web site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanford_prison_experiment, Saletan, W (2004 May 12). The consent form mentions a loss of privacy and the limitations involved with trying to leave the experiment early, but it does not say anything about the conditions under which the prisoners eventually found themselves (Zimbardo, 1971). Most agreed and were denied parole. Unexpectedly, the prisoners were arrested by the actual Palo Alto Police Department, booked and jailed. They were humiliated and mistreated; tormented if you wil. “Individual behavior is largely under the control of social forces and environmental contingencies rather than ‘personality traits,’ ‘character,’ ‘will power,’ or other empirically unvalidated constructs,” (Saleton, 2004). The results can impact every aspect of the legal system, from arrest, to trial to imprisonment. Zimbardo acknowledges the ethical problems with the study, suggesting that "although we ended the study a week earlier than planned, we did not end it soon enough. You can get your custom paper from All subjects willfully consented to assume either part, for $14 every day for up to two weeks. they got deeper into their roles, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. They had no experience with prison, losing their freedom, or with any of the conditions that were forced upon them. study. The study has received many ethical criticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment (it was unpredictable). The researchers divided the group into prisoners and guards by virtue of a coin toss, though prisoners later recalled that they felt the guards were chosen based on their larger physical size (Wikipedia, 2007). Many of the steps taken in the experiment were unethical, one being the fact that the subjects were arrested without consent. (APA,2002) In an article written in the Stanford Magazine that reflected on Ethical issues in human research typically arise in relation to population groups that are vulnerable to abuse ("Human Experimentation: An Introduction to the Ethical Issues”). One of the major demands by the prisoners at Attica was that they wanted to be treated like human beings. Their unjust treatment of the prisoners became more brutal as In conclusion, Zimbardo’s experiment demonstrated that people will adapt to their surroundings quickly and completely. This tells them immediately that they are no longer people, they are numbers. Psychologists and law enforcement learned that without specific rules, guidelines and limits, it is easy for prison guards to escape into their roles and to treat prisoners inhumanely. The Stanford Prison Experiment was designed in 1971 to test the hypothesis that prisoners and guards are self-selecting; this means that the individuals have certain characteristics that 1) determine the group to which they belong; and, 2) encourage undesirable behavior in the group members. There were many ethical problems with conducting this experiment. "2 Other critics suggest that the study lacks gener… The Stanford Prison Experiment is highly criticized for its ethical issues. This code requires researchers to avoid harm and to The next problem was that Zimbardo did not actively direct the experiment. In this video we will learn about the findings and method of Zimbardo's study. (2016, Aug 03). The Stanford Prison Experiment has since become required reading for college Psych 101 classes everywhere. Das Stanford-Prison-Experiment (deutsch: das Stanford-Gefängnis-Experiment) war ein psychologisches Experiment zur Erforschung menschlichen Verhaltens unter den Bedingungen der Gefangenschaft, speziell unter den Feldbedingungen des echten Gefängnislebens. Ethical Issues of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Rather than just quitting the experiment, they went along with the mock “parole hearing”. The study has received many ethicalcriticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment(it wasunpredictable). Research Ethics and. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. At the time, the Stanford Prison Experiment caused a great deal of controversy and was heavily criticized, but what are the Zimbardo prison experiment ethical issues and was criticism of the experiment justified? Even a participant who joined the experiment for subversive reasons found himself deeply invested in his role: We later learned, while censoring the prisoners’ mail, that he was a self-styled radical activist. The experiment was perceived by many to involve questionable ethics, the most serious concern being that it was continued even after participants expressed their desire to withdraw. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/ethical-implications-of-the-stanford-prison-experiment/, This is just a sample. The first concerns the consent form that the participants signed before joining. Consent Form. The parents of the “prisoners” were permitted to visit, and the visiting day was conducted as it would be at a real prison, with limitations and a half-hour wait. 6. A. type of food given to the subjects B. blurred boundaries between researcher and subject C. cost of the experiment D. ease of participating in the experiment . Ethical issues that challenged the subjects who partook in the experiment moral values and behavior. All prisoners look alike, and they are assigned a number. The experiment was meant to last two weeks, but Zimbardo pulled the plug after six days. (2007 Jan 4). The experiment had to come to an end after five days even though it was meant to last two weeks. In the case of the Stanford Prison Experiment, the study should have been closed on ethical grounds when the “guards” began to inflict egregious pain and humiliation on the “prisoners”, both physically and psychologically. Before bringing in the prisoners, the guards received an orientation in which they were told that physical violence was not permitted and that they could run the prison however they wished. The same also applies to any experiment where the participants are physically harmed. Twenty-four males (who were mostly white and middle class) were finally selected, though only eighteen would be required for the experiment. Ethical issues. As has been seen in other experiments with ethical violations, marginally underprivileged groups are at an elevated risk for exploitation as a result of their position. After converting the basement of the Stanford Psychology Department into a mock jail, it was decided that guards would wear uniforms derived from a military surplus store and prisoners would wear poorly-fitting muslin smocks and rubber sandals. The next unexpected result was when the “prisoners” were given an opportunity to leave. The participants were primarily white, middle class males who were college undergraduates. T. he primary focus of this chapter is on research ethics. In 1971 Philipp Zimbardo carried out one of the most ethically controversial psychological experiment the ‘Stanford Prison Experiment’. He admitted being more concerned with a potential escape plan than focusing on his experiment. The study was led by Philip Zimbardo, who adopted the role of jail superintendent. The prisoners were told to wait at home on a particular day and that they would be called on when it was time for the experiment to begin. In fact, he had planned to sell the story to an underground newspaper when the experiment was over! student(prisoners) were subjected to extreme emotional trauma. do them harm. The Stanford Prison Experiment was designed in 1971 to test the hypothesis that prisoners and guards are self-selecting; this means that the individuals have certain characteristics that 1) determine the group to which they belong; and, 2) encourage undesirable behavior in the group members. Prisoners have no choice but to put up with the conditions of the prison to which they’re assigned; no one takes their complaints seriously. some of the participants feelings, Researcher Phil Zimbardo admitted that he The website has slides and movies of the experiment, which were done very realistically. Zimbardo failed to “notice the subtlest dangers and … What happened in the Stanford Prison Experiment? While Zimbardo had all participants sign informed consent forms, even he did not know what would happen due to the unpredicatable nature of the experiment (Zimbardo et al., 2000). Situationist Ethics. Next, the experiment proved that prisoners and guards alike succumbed to the situational attributes of behavior. While this is an exaggeration of how suspects are usually arrested, it is not far off. L et’s begin with a thought experiment (or a trip down memory lane, depending on your earlier exposure to this example). Describing the study briefly 24 undergraduates with no criminal and psychological record were chosen for the research to play the … Prisoners were assigned numbers in place of their names. With the exception of the riots, the prisoners accepted the inhumane treatment, and the majority did not attempt to leave. 1. Due to the lack of guidelines, the prison environment quickly became chaotic. Also, the prisoners did not consent to being 'arrested' at home. The experiment was perceived by many to involve questionable ethics, the most serious concern being that it was continued even after participants expressed their desire to withdraw. The prisoners were not told partly because final approval from the police wasn’t given until minutes before the participants … Psychologically, the experiment supported cognitive dissonance theory, in which a person’s reality changes to dramatically from what he or she is used to that they have no choice but to accept and embrace the new circumstances. The study has received many ethical criticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment (it was unpredictable). Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, An Ethical Analysis of the Stanford Prison Experiment, Asch’s Study, Milgram Experiment, and Stanford Prison Experiment, Outline and Evaluate Zimbardo's Prison Experiment, Stanford Prison Experiment to the Atrocities at Abu Ghraib Prison, https://graduateway.com/ethical-implications-of-the-stanford-prison-experiment/, Get your custom The prisoners were eventually divided into two groups in order to make them think that there were informers among them, and many of the punishments led to an unsanitary environment. your own paper. One of the ethical issues surrounding the Stanford prison experiment was the _____. Any experiment that places its participants under enormous psychological stress could be considered unethical. they got deeper into their roles. The Stanford Prison Experiment would not be allowed to be conducted today due to the various violations of ethics including depriving participants of the right to withdraw, informed consent, debriefing and the protection from physical and … minimize harm where it is unavoidable. Zimbardo has admitted that he did not initially believe the study would be unethical; however, in the aftermath, he realized the abuse suffered by the participants was unethical (Drury, 2012). The Stanford Prison Experiment immediately came under attack on methodological and ethical grounds. Next, they decided on the proper prison garb. Two patients who appeared early on to be traumatized were replaced. The premise of the experiment anticipated that the prisoners and guards might become too invested in their roles, but the consent form does not state that they might be subject to inhumane conditions. The Stanford Prison Experiment ended abruptly on August 20, 1971, when Dr. Christina Maslach came to visit Zimbardo and was disgusted by the events taking place, finally snapping Zimbardo out … Visit the Stanford Prison Experiment website to learn more about this famous experiment. The participants were recruited through a newspaper ad and underwent tests to ensure that they were physically and psychologically sound before being admitted to the experiment. This is a direct violation of the APA Code of Conduct. In this replication, the participants did not conform to their social roles automatically. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols, Ethical Implications of the Stanford Prison Experiment. There were both expected and unexpected results. We can see this on the social psychology experiment of Phillip Zimbardo Stanford Prison Experiment (SPE) of 1971 when the results and conclusions from the experimenters were released to the public it was only matter of time for criticism to invade it causing controversy over both scientific and ethic rigors. The results of the experiment, though they are thirty-five years old, should be used to determine proper prison conditions and how prisoners in general should be treated. Neueste Erkenntnisse bezweifeln die korrekte Durchführung s… So why was the Stanford Prison Experiment … This means that it was the situation of being imprisoned that caused their behavior, their behavior was not caused by personality quirks. 2. Newman, L. S. & Erber, R. Reicher and Haslam replicated Zimbardo’s research by randomly assigning 15 men to the role of prisoner or guard. Zimbardo concluded that the experiment showed the effects of treating prisoners inhumanely, and how giving individuals too much power can be dangerous. §  The prisoner participants were taken through the actual process This leaves them confused and often dehumanized as they are ignored by law enforcement personnel. Der Versuch wurde 1971 von den US-amerikanischen Psychologen Philip Zimbardo, Craig Haney und Curtis Banks an der Stanford University durchgeführt und vorzeitig abgebrochen. (2002). The Stanford Prison Experiment had many issues that started a chain of problems within the experiment. §  They were placed in solitary confinement at times. b. Stanford prison experiment. They were stripped naked and deloused; the delousing is important in order to prevent the spreading of diseases or bugs such as lice, but forcing prisoners to appear naked in front of others is humiliating. There were a few prisoners who became ill due to the stressful conditions, and Zimbardo made it difficult for those participants to leave. Surprisingly, the parents went along with the rules with a minimum of complaints. 3. The Stanford Prison Experiment shed new light on how prisoners should be treated, in light of the fact that prisoners and guards alike quickly fall into their roles and adopt a mentality according to their position. On the fourth day, Zimbardo tried to move the experiment to an actual jail in order to prevent escape, but his efforts were thwarted by the Palo Alto Police Department for insurance reasons. This was demonstrated by the riots that occurred at real prisons following the experiment. The participants who played the part of the prisoners went along with everything that went on. Originally he aimed to study how much our behavior is structured by the social role we occupy. Originally he aimed to study how much our behavior is structured by the social role we occupy. The prisoners at Attica had one chief complaint, and that was a request to be treated in a way that was humane. They truly began to see the prisoner participants as threats to Dehumanizing prisoners does not benefit anyone; rather, prisoners are more likely to show a willingness to do what they are told if they are treated humanely. did not have any firsthand knowledge about prisons prior to conducting the §  Their unjust treatment of the prisoners became more brutal as Zimbardo not only had an ethical responsibility to prepare the participants for all possibilities, but he should have shut down the experiment once he realized that the participants playing the role of the prisoners were quickly having emotional and physical problems. The experiment is important because it demonstrated how easy it is for prisons to become inhumane, run by guards who treat prisoners like objects rather than people. The Stanford Prison Experiment is frequently cited as an example of unethical research. 5. He allowed the guards to run the prison as they wished and did not intervene when it became clear that the prison was out of control. 1. Unfortunately, it is common in most prison systems. Next, the prisoners were made to wear uncomfortable clothing and were denied underwear, further dehumanizing them and ensuring that their prison stay would be uncomfortable on the most basic level. Later on, he claimed that the experiment’s “social forces and environmental contingencies” had led the guards to behave badly. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. This was the eventual end of the Stanford Prison Experiment. The guards meted out sadistic punishments and the prisoners accepted it. Slide Show. Add Remove. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Often, suspects are made to wait hours in a holding cell before they have any means of contacting the outside world. Dr. Phillip Zimbardo paid volunteers to take part in the experiment. of being arrested and detained. He had volunteered in order to “expose” our study, which he mistakenly thought was an establishment tool to find ways to control student radicals. Ethical Implications of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Ethical guidelines for the protection of participants from physical and psychological harm were developed as a result of the Stanford Prison experiment. The prisoner participants were taken through the actual process In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Secondly, what were the ethical issues in the Stanford Prison Experiment? The experiment ended early when 1) a graduate student who had arrived to interview the prisoners objected to the conditions and questioned the morality of the experiment; and, 2) it was discovered that the guards were torturing the prisoners in the middle of the night when they thought no one was watching. One prisoner had Standard Code 3.04, Avoiding Harm___________________. The few parents who were concerned about the prison conditions appealed to the superintendent, Zimbardo, for special treatment, just as the parent of a real prisoner would (Zimbardo, 1999). A recent replication of the Stanford Prison Experiment, carried out by Reicher and Haslam (2006), contradicts the findings of Zimbardo. This is not a stretch from what happens in a real prison. This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here! When the subjects were arrested, they were blindfolded and left confused as to what would happen to them (Zimbardo, 1999, slide #3). In other words, once people started being harmed beyond just a few verbal jabs, the experiment became unethical. There was a riot on the second day, which guards volunteered to work overtime, without pay, in order to quash. Apa code of conduct were humiliated and mistreated ; tormented if you.. Arrested, it is not far off learn about the findings and method of Zimbardo of treating prisoners,... Prisoners became more brutal as they are no longer people, they were humiliated and mistreated ; tormented you. Freedom, or with any of the Stanford Prison experiment was the lack of fully informed consent (,. The situational attributes of behavior numbers in place of their names were unethical, one being the fact the. 2 other critics suggest that the experiment study was led by Philip Zimbardo, P ( ). 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