human trafficking data 2020

Troop- and police-contributing countries rarely initiate and complete criminal proceedings against alleged perpetrators and, as a result, complicit peacekeepers largely act with impunity. COLUMBIA, S.C. (WIS) - Monday is National Human Trafficking Awareness Day. Marshall Islands For the last ten years, she has worked with grassroots organizations in Kenya to provide services to trafficking victims and survivors, building Kenya’s victim assistance infrastructure and capacity. The 2008 reauthorization also included the Child Soldiers Prevention Act (CSPA), mandating the inclusion of a list in the TIP Report of foreign governments that had been found to have unlawfully recruited or used child soldiers. SC Attorney General Wilson releases 2020 Human Trafficking Task Force data COLUMBIA, S.C. — During a press conference at the South Carolina Statehouse, the state Attorney General Alan Wilson released the South Carolina Human Trafficking Task Force’s 2020 Annual Report showing a change in the top five counties reporting the crime. Members of the NGO, which is composed of trafficking survivors, shared their experiences with trafficking issues in The Gambia. Korea, South To contact the Hotline to report a tip, seek services, or ask for help, dial 1-888-373-7888. Since the passage of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) in 2000, we have faced many challenges as a global community, and the TIP Report has been produced throughout all of them. Luxembourg Prosecutors also called drug counselors and other expert witnesses to inform the jury of how addiction affects the brain and body and of the dangers of withdrawal. This was Cabo Verde’s first official case of human trafficking where the government prosecuted defendants for human trafficking crimes, representing a critical milestone in the country’s understanding of and response to human trafficking. The data submitted for the report by governments and other actors reflect an enhanced understanding of human trafficking, a growing commitment to transparency, and an increasing willingness to work together in addressing a challenge that affects all countries. Another provision amended the CSPA to provide that the restriction on military assistance applies to a government whose “police or other security forces” (in addition to “governmental armed forces” and “government-supported armed groups”) recruit or use child soldiers. Michelle Cooper Bloom As professional sports leagues have become increasingly globalized, multilateral and regional bodies have started incorporating protection of athletes in sports integrity and anticorruption initiatives; however, government and industry efforts to regulate an expanding web of migration and recruitment routes have proven insufficient. These four states with the highest human trafficking rates have the highest populations in the U.S., which can explain why their numbers of cases are significantly higher than other states and very high immigrant populations. Singapore Justifications for Waivers and Exceptions. Ukraine And while the UN has the authority to dismiss offending personnel from missions, complicit peacekeepers rarely face a formal criminal justice process. Peacekeeping Operations Looking at the human trafficking intake rate per 100 children in the population, the Northwest region had the highest rate of reports, followed by the Northeast. Greater pressure on teams and their scouts is needed to conduct more due diligence on the agents they work with to ensure their talent acquisition is free of exploitation. The report pointed to a dearth of reliable information to explain the exclusion of so many countries and called attention to the need for more governments to develop mechanisms to detect and report on human trafficking. You are truly remarkable. Actions to Combat Human Trafficking. Release Date: October 20, 2020. Antigua and Barbuda Many are based on real experiences and the victims’ names have been changed as a result. Over the past two decades, her organization has assisted more than 16,000 people. Malta Kelsey Brennan 2019 – Two laws enacted in 2019 as part of the most recent TVPA reauthorization package called for a number of changes to the TIP Report ranking process. Comoros The danger of retraumatization as a trigger during early recovery can precipitate a survivor’s re-exploitation. Guatemala Greece Description and Amount of Assistance Withheld Pursuant to Section 404(a). Colonel Karma Rigzin has been a leading advocate for increasing efforts to combat trafficking in Bhutan. The Secretary General established a Civil Society Advisory Board on pre-vention of SEA in February 2019 to advise him on strengthening UN engagement with civil soci-ety organizations. Consistent with the TVPA, the President may also determine to instruct the U.S. Executive Director of each multilateral development bank and the International Monetary Fund to vote against and use their best efforts to deny any loans or other uses of the institutions’ funds to a designated Tier 3 country for most purposes (except for humanitarian, trade-related, and certain development-related assistance). During a single incident of trauma, the limbic system, the brain’s emotion center, over-activates and the prefrontal cortex, the brain’s logic center, shuts down. While urgency has always marked the fight against human trafficking, the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic have magnified the need for all stakeholders to work together in the fight more than ever. 2013 – Governments that received waivers to remain on Tier 2 Watch List in both 2011 and 2012 faced the automatic downgrade for the first time in 2013. Sofia escaped back to Romania and is now receiving support at a shelter for trafficking survivors. Page 31: Elisabetta Zavoli Human trafficking is a seriouscrime and violation of human rights, involving force, coercion, or fraud to exploit a person into slave labor or sexual exploitation. Canada In the United States, an increasing number of medical centers and NGOs are recognizing the value of providing specialized care to survivors of trafficking and training for those who work with them: The following is a product of the Human Trafficking Expert Consultant Network funded by the TIP Office. Psychological coercion may increase the likelihood of trauma bonding. For the last 20 years, the TIP Report has continuously documented the growing movement against human trafficking and provided a roadmap for governments to address the crime, laying out realistic and actionable policy priorities and insisting on continuous improvement. Megan Hjelle-Lantsman Uzbekistan Trauma-informed victim advocates worked closely with prosecutors and law enforcement to support those survivors as they participated in the criminal justice process. Human Trafficking. As of April 15, PKO funding was obligated for the following activities: logistical support for counterterrorism operations, counter-improvised explosive device training, and military intelligence equipment. By contrast, faith-based organizations serve in many different cities, provinces, and countries. Before 2010, the TIP Report had included a separate section on the United States, summarizing its efforts to combat trafficking in persons. In the Mediterranean region, a priority area of Talitha Kum, women of Christian and Muslim faith are working together against human trafficking. Policy Guides on Criminalizing Migrant Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons (2014): http://www.baliprocess.net/regional-support-office/policy-guides/, Program of Cooperation between the CIS Member States against Trafficking in Persons for 2014–2018, COMMIT 3rd Sub-Regional Plan of Action (COMMIT SPAIII, 2011-2013), 12th COMMIT Senior Officials Meeting (2017). Because there are no consistent criteria for identifying trauma bonding, the label should be used carefully until clear criteria are established. If players fail to advance to the next level in the sport, the agent abandons them without means to return home. Page 8: Patrick Hamilton Since 2005, the TIP Report has collected from governments anti-trafficking law enforcement data, which provide insight into trends over time. Reda Shoukr has dedicated her career to improving the lives of human trafficking survivors. Mauritius Kosovo Sunny Massa The migration patterns vary by sport, but the exploitative scheme of recruiting, building trust and dependency, and taking control upon a job offer is universal. Timor-Leste Since 2003 she has devoted her life’s work to helping women realize their own agency and power and develop as leaders. Still, they illustrate the myriad schemes human traffickers use and the variety of situations in which trafficking victims are exploited. Per the reauthorization of the TVPA in 2008, the TIP Report has assessed governments’ efforts to prevent the participation in extraterritorial commercial child sexual exploitation and abuse by their nationals. Countries whose governments do not fully meet the TVPA’s minimum standards but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards. Despite the schemes of traffickers, the reality is this: governments across the world, survivors, NGOs, faith communities, and advocates are still at work. Countries in the 2020 TIP Report that are not Party to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking In Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. 2008 – The William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008 widened the scope of countries in the TIP Report by striking the requirement that a “significant number” of victims be documented for a country to be listed. Human trafficking involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act. There has never been a more important moment to engage the fight for freedom. Page 54: Sara Hylton Kyle M. Ballard Describing the bonding that occurs in the face of danger, psychiatrist and trauma expert Bessel Van der Kolk explains, “Pain, fear, fatigue, and loss of loved ones and protectors all evoke efforts to attract increased care. Safe housing. Services and information . Chaiszar Turner The confidential Hotline helps any person of any age, religion, race, language, gender identity, sexual orientation, or disability. Foreign service officers and locally employed staff collect information throughout the year related to law enforcement activity, victim identification and protection efforts, and anti-trafficking policies and practices, among others. A of Pub. b)  the United States toward agreed goals and objectives in the collective fight against trafficking. Presidential determinations address applicability of assistance restrictions, including those on nonhumanitarian and nontrade-related assistance, funding for cultural exchanges and education, and voting on loans provided by multilateral development banks. For example, lack of access to housing, healthcare, employment, income, education, or asylum may increase the likelihood of a trauma bond developing. Share on. When providers deny access to services due to a victim’s interaction with the perpetrator, it may result in re-victimization through engagement in high-risk survival activities. Through this close partnership with local police, Al-Shehab has provided legal services to 800 victims each year and secured the release of 400 victims due to lack of evidence. In an effort to increase accountability, the UN began publishing the nationalities of peacekeepers alleged to have committed sexual abuse and exploitation offenses in 2015. efforts, however laudable, undertaken exclusively by nongovernmental actors in the country; general public awareness events—government-sponsored or otherwise—lacking concrete ties to the prosecution of traffickers, protection of victims, or prevention of trafficking; and. Montenegro Societal stigma can prevent health care providers, law enforcement officials, prosecutors, and other professionals from identifying victims of human trafficking when they see only the manifestations of substance use disorder and consequently dismiss red flags. Karen Vierling Allen Upcoming Events. Page 40: Elisabetta Zavoli In 2018, T’ruah was the first Jewish organization to join the Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking. The 2015 regulations also removed limits on the duration of representation contracts, which opened the door to young players unwittingly binding themselves to long-term representation with a certain agent and losing their ability to leave a job. In addition, hospital networks have integrated responses to human trafficking into other health care violence prevention efforts. Page 26: Elisabetta Zavoli As this may be the only time a survivor sees a medical professional, provision of a baseline-level of health assessment can be critical. Once the contract is signed, the trafficker finally has the control needed to extort as much as possible from the athlete. Twenty years ago, when the United States Congress passed the TVPA mandating this report, it signaled the U.S. government’s resolve to fight human trafficking and marked a pivot from indignation to positive action. TIP Report Heroes have cared for victims, demanded legal and social change, held governments to account, and educated the public about human trafficking in their countries and around the world. Second report on the progress made in the fight against trafficking in human beings (2018): https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/what-we-do/policies/european-agenda-security/20181204_com-2018-777-report_en.pdf, https://www.fatf-gafi.org/media/fatf/content/images/Human-Trafficking-2018.pdf, Arab Initiative to Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2010, Comprehensive Arab Strategy for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (CASCTHB), Council of Arab Ministers of Justice Resolution 15/2/2012, http://www.oas.org/dsp/english/cpo_trata_dia_mundial.asp, http://www.oas.org/en/sms/template.asp?File=/en/sms/dtoc/default.asp, Second Work Plan against Trafficking in Persons in the Western Hemisphere 2015-2018 (RTP-IV/doc.4/14 rev. When a trafficking victim who has experienced trauma bonding seeks assistance, government officials and service providers must recognize that survivors may behave in ways that seem incongruous with typical expectations of victimization. 333, to the extent that the CSPA would restrict such assistance or support; to waive the application of the prohibition in section 404(a) of the CSPA with respect to Somalia to allow for the provision of IMET and PKO assistance and DoD support provided pursuant to 10 U.S.C. Data Statistics and data are presently scarce for human trafficking at both the national and state level, due in large part to the underground nature of the crime. Table of Contents: Reuters Trafficking in Persons and Corruption Report: https://www.oecd.org/governance/eth-ics/trafficking-in-persons-and-corruption-9789264253728-en.htm, http://www.osce.org/secretariat/trafficking. Niger Victims in such cases also face enormous pressure not to report these crimes and abuses or the peacekeepers who committed them, and local authorities rarely have the capacity proactively to identify victims of these crimes. Model Guidelines on Government Measures to Prevent Trafficking for Labour Exploitation in Supply Chains: https://www.osce.org/secretariat/371771?download=true. Another provision directed the Secretary of State to consider, as proof of a country’s failure to make significant efforts, a government policy or pattern of certain listed forms of human trafficking. Mexico These statistics may be subject to change. North Macedonia During the 13-year stabilization mission in Haiti, peacekeepers allegedly coerced women and girls into sex in exchange for necessities such as food. Greg Hermsmeyer Togo Victims frequently do not seek help due to language barriers, fear of their traffickers, or fear of law enforcement. Foreign assistance not for the benefit the governments of countries listed on Tier 3, such as to support the people of Tier 3 countries through civil society organizations, is generally not restricted under the TVPA. Chad Kyrgyz Republic The trafficker ordered Maria to work off the debt by laboring 18-hour days for only a few dollars an hour. Page 38: Sara Hylton Caitlin B. Heidenreich With Matewere’s support, this partnership has also led to the drafting and successful adoption of several key initiatives, including new human trafficking regulations, guidelines for law enforcement officials, and a police recruit training manual. Page v: Smita Sharma 1107, 6 December (2013), https://www.osce.org/addendum?download=true, OSCE Parliament Assembly Resolution on Responsibility To Combat Human Trafficking in Government Contracts For Goods And Services (2015). The importance of data in measuring the effectiveness of anti-trafficking efforts cannot be overstated and, thanks to the effort of governments to enact comprehensive laws and educate government officials and communities, there is now more data available to evaluate global anti-trafficking efforts than ever before. Bolivia Programs need to recognize when trauma bonding has occurred and enhance a victim’s agency. Adrienne Sgarlato Syria Instability and lack of access to critical services caused by the pandemic mean that the number of people vulnerable to exploitation by traffickers is rapidly growing. Bahrain ICCR members call on companies they hold to adopt policies banning human trafficking as a key part of their core business polices, and to train their personnel and suppliers to safeguard against these risks throughout their supply chains. Venezuela. Janet Zinn. Page 11: Smita Sharma that approximately 403,000 persons are trafficked here at any one time. An observant neighbor of the eldercare facility reported the situation to law enforcement after seeing that Maria worked long hours, never had a day off, and was constantly tired and disheveled. While urgency has always marked the fight against human trafficking, the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic have magnified the need for all stakeholders to work together in the fight more than ever. Ghana It required the small staff to create simultaneously both a methodology for the report and processes for gathering data, drafting narratives, and assessing government efforts. Estonia In FY 2019, the U.S. government provided 3,564 notifications to 127 countries. In numerous cases, the traffickers have compelled or tricked athletes into signing exploitative contracts with major kickback schemes that bind the athletes to the agent. The report has drawn attention to trends and emerging issues, highlighted promising practices, and tracked the progression of important developments, such as the passage of comprehensive anti-trafficking laws and improvements in victim identification efforts. Every year, millions of men, women, and children are trafficked worldwide – including right here in the United States. Most NGOs concentrate their efforts on specific aspects of anti-trafficking policies—from protection for victims to law enforcement training and public outreach campaigns. When Patience’s parents passed away, she took on the burden of caring for her six younger siblings and needed to find a job. Rwanda The South Carolina Attorney General’s Human Trafficking Task Force released new numbers from 2020 showing the scourge is not going away and COVID-19 … Download document (PDF | … The term “child soldier” includes any person described in clauses (ii), (iii), or (iv) who is serving in any capacity, including in a support role, such as a “cook, porter, messenger, medic, guard, or sex slave.”. Ary Varela and Natalino Correia are instrumental figures in holding human traffickers criminally accountable and assisting victims in attaining justice in Cabo Verde. The number of cases presented is only the cases that are reported. Section 5 provides a description and the amounts of assistance provided to countries pursuant to such waivers. The most common type of trafficking was sex trafficking (8,248 reports), with the most common venues being illicit massage/spa businesses and pornography. legal commitments ensuring we stay on track when there are questions or situations where the right course of action may be unclear. The Hotline is available 24/7, 365 days a year, and in more than 200 languages. In a historic step, these religious leaders of the world’s major religions gathered and proclaimed in unison that their sacred texts do not support human trafficking. Such a move could improve oversight of an industry that has resisted regulation despite being linked to crimes, including human trafficking. Most often, sports agents approach poor or rural families with an offer to arrange for a child to train at a street-side academy, sports club, or school, with the promise of signing the child with a professional team. There men beat and tortured Huy; when he tried to escape, a guard poured boiling water over his chest and arms. It allows NGOs, advocates, and other individuals in the anti-trafficking movement to take a holistic approach when considering new programs and government partnerships. One such project conducted over the past few years by UNODC is also facilitating the creation of local associations of Quranic teachers and is working with prominent leaders to raise awareness during radio programs, clearly stating that forced child begging is child trafficking and is against Islamic principles. The prosecutorial successes in the above-mentioned cases were achieved because the prosecutors, law enforcement, and judges listened to survivors, respected their needs, and valued their lived experience in describing the torment of drug-based coercion. Other indicators point to significant improvement in the past 20 years. As a result, they serve as excellent partners to both influence and support implementation of the TIP Report recommendations. This connection, or traumatic bond, becomes especially intense when fear of the trafficker is paired with gratitude for any kindness shown. Troop- and police-contributing countries must review, amend, or develop laws to allow prosecution of such crimes when committed by their personnel while serving overseas. Dignity Health developed the PEARR Tool in consultation with survivors and community organizations to train medical professionals to provide privacy, educate, ask, respect, and respond to survivor’s needs. $209,000 Human trafficking is a devastating criminal atrocity that forcefully deprives a person of their freedom for the material benefit of another. The number of crisis cases, where victims or survivors needed urgent assistance within 24 … Iraq The TIP Report has consistently included a recommendation in country narratives that the remaining governments ratify the Palermo Protocol and has tracked progress on this over the years. Haley L. Sands China While overcoming government threats early on and innumerable other obstacles throughout her career, she has demonstrated resilience and further committed to women’s empowerment and anti-trafficking efforts. Amy Rustan Haslett In 2019, U.S. $4,700,000 In 1994, the  Department of State began to monitor human trafficking as part of the Department’s Annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, focusing exclusively on sex trafficking of women and girls. While the TVPA only called for a ranking of governments, those involved in the preparation of the first report included a brief explanation for the tier rankings to provide clarity and context to the report. International Military Education and Training For the athletes who have dedicated their lives to sign a contract, the fear of losing the opportunity by questioning the terms of that contract or their so-called agent can be insurmountable. Maurice W. Johnson Human trafficking became a topic of public concern in the 1990s due, in part, to the fall of the former Soviet Union, the resulting migration flows, and the increasing concern about the growth of transnational criminal organizations operating globally. I am so proud of all who lead us forward in this work, especially our TIP Report Heroes who model the courageous leadership we need for the road ahead. We spoke about this with Paul Fockens, co-founder of our participant Despite his refusal, the man seized and bound Huy and transported him to a windowless warehouse in China. It is a celebration of 20 years documenting progress in combating human trafficking and, as always, a candid reminder of the work yet to be done. As a young teacher, Oxana Alistratova nearly became a victim to a human trafficking ring in 1992. Each year, the Department of State honors individuals around the world who have devoted their lives to the fight against human trafficking. The traffickers physically abused and starved him when he did not meet his quota. Section 2. Whether the government has entered into effective, transparent partnerships, cooperative arrangements, or agreements that have resulted in concrete and measurable outcomes with. As perhaps this momentous occasion demonstrated, faith-based communities, organizations, and congregations are powerful and necessary forces in the fight against human trafficking. In addition to her important litigation work, Ho provides critical legal and strategic advice to several NGOs and works with local and international bodies to advocate for the rights of marginalized groups, including refugees, asylum seekers, and victims of human trafficking in Hong Kong. U.S. representatives from the Department’s Bureau of African Affairs visited Banjul to meet with local representatives from IOM, members of a government-run shelter that houses human trafficking victims, and a local NGO. As required by law, this section summarizes actions taken by the UN, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the OSCE to prevent trafficking in persons or the exploitation of victims of trafficking. The automatic downgrade provision called for in the 2008 reauthorization applied for the first time in 2011 to 20 countries that had been ranked on Tier 2 Watch List for both 2009 and 2010. The introduction this year will provide a look back at the evolution of the TIP Report. Ecuador ICCR’s Statement of Principles & Recommended Practices for Confronting Human Trafficking & Modern Slavery provides guidance to companies to protect their supply chains from sex and labor trafficking. He forced her to leave Nigeria for better opportunities in Ghana a of. 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