Montenegro held a 21 May 2006 referendum and declared itself independent from Serbia on 3 June. [7], Among the original members, 49 are either still UN members or had their memberships in the UN continued by a successor state (see table below); for example, the membership of the Soviet Union was continued by the Russian Federation after its dissolution (see the section Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). Zaire joined the United Nations on 20 September 1960.  On 17 May 1997, its name was changed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Â. Withdrew from the UN on 20 January 1965. The UN officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, after ratification of the United Nations Charter by the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (the Republic of China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and a majority of the other signatories. Permanent Observer of Mission of the Holy See to the United Nations 25 East 39th Street, New York, NY 10016-0903 Telephone: (212) 370-7885 In a letter dated 3 June 2006, the President of the Republic of Serbia informed the Secretary-General that the membership of Serbia and Montenegro was being continued by the Republic of Serbia, following Montenegro's declaration of independence.Â. A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. Montenegro held a 21 May 2006 referendum and declared itself independent from Serbia on 3 June. Czechoslovakia was an original Member of the United Nations from 24 October 1945. On 28 June 2006 it was accepted as a United Nations Member State by General Assembly resolution A/RES/60/264. In a letter dated 3 June 2006, the President of the Republic of Serbia informed the Secretary-General that the membership of Serbia and Montenegro was being continued by the Republic of Serbia, following Montenegro's declaration of independence. The Security Council's recommendation must then be approved in the General Assembly by a two-thirds majority vote.[3]. On 25 October 1971, the 21st time the United Nations General Assembly debated on the PRC's admission into the UN,[18] United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2758 was adopted, by which it recognized that "the representatives of the Government of the People's Republic of China are the only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations and that the People's Republic of China is one of the five permanent members of the Security Council," and decided "to restore all its rights to the People's Republic of China and to recognize the representatives of its Government as the only legitimate representatives of China to the United Nations, and to expel forthwith the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations and in all the organizations related to it. Egypt and Syria were original Members of the United Nations from 24 October 1945. [26], Responding to the UN's rejection of its application, the ROC government has stated that Taiwan is not now nor has it ever been under the jurisdiction of the PRC, and that since General Assembly Resolution 2758 did not clarify the issue of Taiwan's representation in the UN, it does not prevent Taiwan's participation in the UN as an independent sovereign nation. [17], By the 1970s, a shift had occurred in international diplomatic circles and the PRC had gained the upper hand in international diplomatic relations and recognition count. Consequently, the Federal Republic of Germany continued being a member of the UN while the German Democratic Republic ceased to exist.[34]. Following a plebiscite on 21 February 1958, the United Arab Republic was established by a union of Egypt and Syria and continued as a single member. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 1 November 2000. Following a plebiscite on 21 February 1958, the United Arab Republic was established by a union of Egypt and Syria and continued as a single Member. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was an original Member of the United Nations from 24 October 1945. The UN was founded in 1945 to prevent another world war. On 17 May 2016 the Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic to the United Nations informed the UN that the short name to be used for the country is Czechia. [53], In addition to the member states, there are two non-member permanent observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine. By resolution A/RES/47/225 of 8 April 1993, the General Assembly decided to admit as a Member of the United Nations the State being provisionally referred to for all purposes within the United Nations as "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" pending settlement of the difference that had arisen over its name. Today, Taiwan is not recognized as independent by any members but the ROC government itself is recognized by twenty-three. UN documents and publications in the United Nations Digital Library (this search will open in a new window) Library Resources. [citation needed] Both sides rejected compromise proposals to allow both states to participate in the UN, based on the One-China policy. Both the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic were thus admitted on 19 January of that year as Member States. Holy See. Traductions en contexte de "members of the united nations" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : states members of the united nations, the states members of the united nations, the members of the united nations, of states members of the united nations, staff members of the united nations Quickly and easily copy and paste lists. The Republic of Slovenia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/236 of 22 May 1992. The Republic of Croatia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/238 of 22 May 1992. United Nations Security Council chamber. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was an original Member of the United Nations, the Charter having been signed on its behalf on 26 June 1945 and ratified 19 October 1945, until its dissolution following the establishment and subsequent admission as new Members of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia, the Republic of Slovenia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 2 September 1971, the United Arab Republic changed its name to the Arab Republic of Egypt. Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to "Libya" and changing Libya's national flag. The United Nations, founded in the aftermath of World War II, comprises an overwhelming majority of the world's nations. United Nations Members The following is a list of all the countries in the world that are members of the United Nations. However, all fourteen attempts were unsuccessful as the General Assembly's General Committee declined to put the issue on the Assembly's agenda for debate, under strong opposition from the PRC.[23]. The UN was notified on 18 November 1949 of the formation of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China; however, the Government of the Republic of China continued to represent China at the UN, despite the small size of the ROC's jurisdiction of Taiwan and a number of smaller islands compared to the PRC's jurisdiction of mainland China. [30] A group of UN member states put forward a draft resolution for that fall's UN General Assembly calling on the Security Council to consider the application. As both governments claimed to be the sole legitimate representative of China, proposals to effect a change in the representation of China in the UN were discussed but rejected for the next two decades, as the ROC was still recognized as the sole legitimate representative of China by a majority of UN members. Information about current members, growth of membership since 1945, the procedure on how a country becomes a member, and the membership of principal UN organs is provided below. Côte d'Ivoire: Until 31 December 1985 referred to as Ivory Coast. 1945 - 51 Members Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Belarus, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Sa… While other organs of the United Nations can only make 'recommendations' to member governments, the Security Council has the power to make binding decisions that member governments have … [citation needed], In addition to losing its seat in the UN, the UN Secretary-General concluded from the resolution that the General Assembly considered Taiwan to be a province of China. Maldives: Name was changed from "Maldive Islands" on 14 April 1969. The Republic of China is officially recognized by 14 UN member states and the Holy See. OFFICIAL NAMES OF THE UNITED NATIONS MEMBERSHIP Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Republic of Albania People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria Principality of Andorra Republic of Angola Antigua and Barbuda Republic of Argentina Republic of Armenia Commonwealth of Australia Republic of Austria Republic of Azerbaijan Commonwealth of the Bahamas Kingdom … Most of the territory is controlled by Morocco, the remainder (the Free Zone) by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, proclaimed by the Polisario Front. But what is it? Partnership between United Nations Environment and the global financial sector to promote sustainable finance Non-member States having received a standing invitation to participate as observers in the sessions and the work of the General Assembly and maintaining permanent observer missions at Headquarters. On 4 February 2003, following the adoption and promulgation of the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro by the Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the official name of " Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" was changed to Serbia and Montenegro. On 28 September 1966, the United Nations General Assembly took note of the decision of the Government of Indonesia and its President invited the representatives of that country to take their seats in the Assembly. By resolution A/RES/47/225 of 8 April 1993, the General Assembly decided to admit as a Member of the United Nations the State being provisionally referred to for all purposes within the United Nations as "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" pending settlement of the difference that had arisen over its name. Member states of the UN United Nations The UN is an alliance of states with … The other two original members, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia (i.e., the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), had been dissolved and their memberships in the UN not continued from 1992 by any one successor state (see the sections Former members: Czechoslovakia and Former members: Yugoslavia).[7]. However, following the overthrow of President Sukarno, in a telegram dated 19 September 1966, Indonesia notified the Secretary-General of its decision "to resume full cooperation with the United Nations and to resume participation in its activities starting with the twenty-first session of the General Assembly". On 13 October 1961, Syria, having resumed its status as an independent State, resumed its separate membership in the United Nations. [43][44] The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia refused to comply with the resolution for many years, but following the ousting of President Slobodan Milošević from office, it applied for membership, and was admitted to the UN on 1 November 2000. Later proposals emphasized that the ROC was a separate state, over which the PRC had no effective sovereignty. Kazakhstan: Spelling was changed from Kazakstan on 20 June 1997. [54], The Sovereign Military Order of Malta, which is not a sovereign state but an entity, has observer status at the UN and maintains diplomatic relations with 107 countries. 1. There are currently 193 member countries of the United Nations. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was an original Member of the United Nations, the Charter having been signed on its behalf on 26 June 1945 and ratified 19 October 1945, until its dissolution following the establishment and subsequent admission as new Members of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia, the Republic of Slovenia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. [65][66], A number of states were also granted observer status before being admitted to the UN as full members. How does a country become a Member of Montenegro held a 21 May 2006 referendum and declared itself independent from Serbia on 3 June. The other fourteen independent states established from the former Soviet Republics were all admitted to the UN: Both Egypt and Syria joined the UN as original members on 24 October 1945. [77][78] They have since become parties to a number of international treaties which the UN Secretariat acts as a depositary for, such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change[79] and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,[80] and are treated as non-member states. The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/237 of 22 May 1992. During the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, and in response to the election of Malaysia as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, in a letter dated 20 January 1965, Indonesia informed the United Nations Secretary-General that it had decided "at this stage and under the present circumstances" to withdraw from the UN. [5] A total of 51 original members (or founding members) joined that year; 50 of them signed the Charter at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco on 26 June 1945, while Poland, which was not represented at the conference, signed it on 15 October 1945. The United Nations is an international organization of 193 members. [84], Sovereign states that are members of the United Nations, Bids for readmission as the representative of Taiwan, Suspension, expulsion, and withdrawal of members. Lao People's Democratic Republic: Name was changed from Laos on 2 December 1975. On 22 December 2017, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations that the government is changing the official name of Libya to “State of Libya.” Â. A Member of the United Nations against which preventive or enforcement action has been taken by the Security Council may be suspended from the exercise of the rights and privileges of membership by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. By. Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon stated that: The position of the United Nations is that the People's Republic of China is representing the whole of China as the sole and legitimate representative Government of China. Of the world's 196 … A number of the original members were not sovereign when they joined the UN, and only gained full independence later:[8], The current members and their dates of admission are listed below with their official designations used by the United Nations. Per United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 and the ongoing dialogue on the political status of Kosovo, the Republic of Kosovo is not a member of the United Nations, despite having relations with half of member states. [34] Following the admission of all five states as new UN members, "Yugoslavia" was removed from the official roster of UN members. By letter of 20 January 1965, Indonesia announced its decision to withdraw from the United Nations "at this stage and under the present circumstances". [16] Upon the imminent dissolution of the USSR, in a letter dated 24 December 1991, Boris Yeltsin, the President of the Russian Federation, informed the United Nations Secretary-General that the membership of the USSR in the Security Council and all other UN organs was being continued by the Russian Federation with the support of the 11 member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States.[34]. Print without clutter. [24] However, the application was rejected by the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs citing General Assembly Resolution 2758,[25] without being forwarded to the Security Council. Following the ratification on 26 April 1964 of the Articles of Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the two states merged to form the single member "United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar", with its name changed to the United Republic of Tanzania on 1 November 1964. Membership in the United Nations is open to all peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgement of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations. [47], In the aftermath of the Kosovo War, the territory of Kosovo, then an autonomous province of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, was put under the interim administration of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo on 10 June 1999. The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/237 of 22 May 1992. The Republic of Croatia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/238 of 22 May 1992. The Republic of Slovenia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/236 of 22 May 1992. By resolution A/RES/47/225 of 8 April 1993, the General Assembly decided to admit as a Member of the United Nations the State being provisionally referred to for all purposes within the United Nations as "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" pending settlement of the difference that had arisen over its name. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/12 of 1 November 2000. On 3 January 2018, the Permanent Mission of Guyana to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations that in accordance with the Constitution of Guyana the official name of  the  Republic of Guyana is “Co-operative Republic of Guyana.”. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. Historical chart of United Nations Member States in time. Myanmar: Name was changed from Burma on 17 June 1989. Every year from 1993–2006, UN member states submitted a memorandum to the UN Secretary-General requesting that the UN General Assembly consider allowing the ROC to resume participating in the United Nations. Strengthening of human rights within the country: Any country that joins the United Nations is … Following the ratification on 26 April 1964 of Articles of Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar continued as a single Member, changing its name to the United Republic of Tanzania on 1 November 1964. Sir Brian Urquhart, the British diplomat who played a role in the establishment of the United Nations, has died aged 101.. Urquhart was the second staff member hired by … Both states were readmitted to the UN on 19 January 1993. Category:United Nations members (Earth-TRN199) A Alda Huxley (Earth-616) Ambassador Jiang (Earth-616) Ambassador Wychek (Earth-616) Andrew Forson (Earth-616) António Guterres (Earth-616) B Ban Ki-moon (Earth-616) Bannerman Black (Earth-616) Bannerman Blue (Earth-616) Bannerman Brown (Earth-616) Bannerman Green (Earth-616) Bannerman White (Earth-616) … Effective date: 19 April 2018. Dag Hammarskjold Library launches real-time fact-finding assistance through Chat. The United Nations member states are the 193 sovereign states that … [73], The sovereignty status of Western Sahara is in dispute between Morocco and the Polisario Front. It rejoined on 28 September 1966. Neither state sought sole successor state status. In a letter dated 3 June 2006, the President of the Republic of Serbia informed the Secretary-General that the membership of Serbia and Montenegro was being continued by the Republic of Serbia, following Montenegro's declaration of independence. The Republic of Slovenia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/236 of 22 May 1992. The Republic of Croatia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/238 of 22 May 1992. This was the ROC's first participation in an event organized by a UN-affiliated agency since 1971, as a result of the improved cross-strait relations since Ma Ying-jeou became the President of the Republic of China a year before.[33]. Find out more in our Research Guide. Why is it important? Western Sahara is listed by the UN as a "non-self-governing territory". [27] The ROC government also criticized Ban for asserting that Taiwan is part of China and returning the application without passing it to the Security Council or the General Assembly,[28] contrary to UN's standard procedure (Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council, Chapter X, Rule 59). In a letter dated 24 December 1991, Boris Yeltsin, the President of the Russian Federation, informed the Secretary-General that the membership of the Soviet Union in the Security Council and all other United Nations organs was being continued by the Russian Federation with the support of the 11 member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Membership in the United Nations Academic Impact is open to accredited, degree granting institutions of higher education. See related sections on former members by clicking on the links in the column "See also". In a letter dated 10 December 1992, its Permanent Representative informed the Secretary-General that the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic would cease to exist on 31 December 1992 and that the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, as successor States, would apply for membership in the United Nations. The most recent state to join is South Sudan, which was recognized as an independent nation in 2011. The information UNJSPF provides in the MSS portal is made available for the convenient access of our participants and beneficiaries. The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the, In October 1974, the Security Council considered a draft resolution that would have recommended that the General Assembly immediately expel, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 19:55. Further to the communication dated 14 February 2019 from the Permanent Mission addressed to the Protocol and Liaison Service, the country name was changed to the Republic of North Macedonia (short form: North Macedonia) from the former name of The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. [46] Montenegro was admitted to the UN on 28 June 2006. [34][35], The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) joined the UN as an original member on 24 October 1945, and as set out by the United Nations Charter, Chapter V, Article 23, became one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. [70], A European Union institution, the European Commission, was granted observer status at the UNGA through Resolution 3208 in 1974. [6][7], The original members of the United Nations were: China (then the Republic of China), France (then the Provisional Government), Russia (then the Soviet Union), the United Kingdom, the United States (these first five forming the Security Council), Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil (then the Vargas Era Brazil), Belarus (then the Byelorussian SSR), Canada, Chile (then the 1925–73 Presidential Republic), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba (then the 1902–59 Republic), Czechoslovakia (then the Third Republic), Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt (then the Kingdom of Egypt), El Salvador, Ethiopia (then the Ethiopian Empire), Greece (then the Glücksburg Kingdom), Guatemala, Haiti (then the 1859–1957 Republic), Honduras, India (then the British Raj), Iran (then the Pahlavi dynasty), Iraq (then the Kingdom of Iraq), Lebanon, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand (then the Dominion of New Zealand), Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines (then the Commonwealth), Poland (then the People's Republic), Saudi Arabia, South Africa (then the Union of South Africa), Syria (then the Mandatory Republic), Turkey, Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), Uruguay, Venezuela and Yugoslavia (then the Socialist Federal Republic). In a letter dated 10 December 1992, its Permanent Representative informed the … [34], Yemen (i.e., North Yemen) was admitted to the UN on 30 September 1947; Southern Yemen (i.e., South Yemen) was admitted to the UN on 14 December 1967, with its name changed to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen on 30 November 1970, and was later referred to as Democratic Yemen. Egypt continued as a UN member under the name of the United Arab Republic, until it reverted to its original name on 2 September 1971. From Chapter II, Article 5:[2]. Czechoslovakia joined the UN as an original member on 24 October 1945, with its name changed to the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic on 20 April 1990. In accordance with Article 110, the Charter entered into force on 24 October 1945, after ratification by the … Since its inception, no member state has been suspended or expelled from the UN under Articles 5 or 6. The Federation of Malaya joined the United Nations on 17 September 1957. The Republic of Croatia was admitted as a Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/46/238 of 22 May 1992. On 28 June 2006 it was accepted as a United Nations Member State by General Assembly resolution A/RES/60/264. ", "Blue Book "Permanent Missions to the United Nations No. Rather, the credentials of one Chinese delegation (from Taipei) were rejected and the credentials of another Chinese delegation (from Beijing) were accepted. On 4 February 2003, following the adoption and promulgation of the Constitutional Charter of Serbia and Montenegro by the Assembly of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the official name of " Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" was changed to Serbia and Montenegro. In addition to the member states, the UN also invites non-member states to become observers at the UN General Assembly,[4] allowing them to participate and speak in General Assembly meetings, but not vote. By telegram of 19 September 1966, it announced its decision "to resume full cooperation with the United Nations and to resume participation in its activities". The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was an original Member of the United Nations, the Charter having been signed on its behalf on 26 June 1945 and ratified 19 October 1945, until its dissolution following the establishment and subsequent admission as new Members of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia, the Republic of Slovenia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. [82][83], The United Nations does not recognize Kosovo as an independent state. Each of the Member States of the United Nations has one seat in the General Assembly. … The resolution (General Assembly Resolution 2758) that you just mentioned is clearly mentioning that the Government of China is the sole and legitimate Government and the position of the United Nations is that Taiwan is part of China. While all these proposals were vague, requesting the ROC be allowed to participate in UN activities without specifying any legal mechanism, in 2007 the ROC submitted a formal application under the name "Taiwan" for full membership in the UN. By resolution A/RES/47/225 of 8 April 1993, the General Assembly decided to admit as a Member of the United Nations the State being provisionally referred to for all purposes within the United Nations as "The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" pending settlement of the difference that had arisen over its name. Name was changed from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to. Upon the imminent dissolution of Czechoslovakia, in a letter dated 10 December 1992, its Permanent Representative informed the United Nations Secretary-General that the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic would cease to exist on 31 December 1992 and that the Czech Republic and Slovakia, as successor states, would apply for membership in the UN. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. On 16 September 1963, its name was changed to Malaysia, following the formation of Malaysia from Singapore, North Borneo (now Sabah), Sarawak and the Federation of Malaya. By 1992, it had been effectively dissolved into five independent states, which were all subsequently admitted to the UN: Due to the dispute over its legal successor states, the member state "Yugoslavia", referring to the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, remained on the official roster of UN members for many years after its effective dissolution. And declared itself independent from Serbia on 3 June PRC had no effective sovereignty Swaziland on 19 of! States were readmitted to the United Nations by General Assembly resolution A/RES/60/264 Ivory Coast inception, Member! 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