The chaconne is not built on a lament bass if you by "lament bass" mean a ground bass, built from a descending perfect fourth from tonic to dominant, descending step by step. ; Rhythm In the widest sense, a dividing into short portions by a regular succession of motions, impulses, sounds, accents, etc., producing an agreeable effect, as in music poetry, the dance, or the like. It features an extreme variety of rhythm in the right hand, that fantasizes freely against a regular 8th-note pulse in the left. ̶  He said, ‘On one stave, Bach writes a whole world of the deepest thoughts and feelings. That day on the Jersey shore was three and a half years ago: It seems like yesterday. Is discipline your defence against the chaos of emotion? As a result, the eighth statement (mm. You lower your head and shake it to say no. ̶  Basically, you’re staging a confrontation between the written music, the instrument, and yourself. ̶  Exactly. John Eliot Gardniner, Music-Castle-Heaven, Joel Lester, Bach’s Works for Solo Violin. ̶  Yes. ̶  You find it soothing? Within the last year, I've started exploring the western classical tradition and your writing here has been a recent springboard to so much good music! But the Classical era’s musical structures were not available to Bach. ̶  First thing I’ll do when I get back to Toronto, I’ll buy a recording and listen to the piece. UPDATE: This post is now over four years old, but it has risen to be the most popular post on The Music Salon. It uses the rhythm of a Saraband (an antique Spanish dance) . We talked about music. "Your opinion of Thile's Bach is . 1. The third movement, Adagio molto e cantabile , was always the one I found the most difficult to understand. It should be required reading for anyone with love of, or interest in, classical music. ̶  You like it, then? It is, of course, quite possible that Bach conceptualized the movement with the opening theme followed by the 31:19:12 ratio. 1-8 divide exactly in half into two groups of 31: first 31 variation phrases in minor and then 31 variation phrases divided between a group of 19 major-mode variation phrases and 12 minor-mode variation phrases. Do you find freedom in relentless form? Congratulations for running a comments section full of enlightening aesthetic debates. To the Velvet’s defiant joy, however, you remained indifferent (or so you pretended). Only if one considers the first two statements as a ‘theme’ and subtracts them from the remaining 62 ‘variations’ (and only if one does not likewise omit the last two statements of the piece as a return to that ‘theme’) do the minor-mode variations in the first large section of the Chaconne last exactly as long as the major-mode plus minor-mode variations of the second large section. You have the impression you’re listening to a string quartet! In particular, sonata form, with its large-scale tonal and thematic balances and its flexible periodicities that could extend to immense proportions and contain a wide range of musical contrasts and lengthy processes of statement, development, and transformation, became a vehicle that allowed composers to make significant artistic statements in their instrumental music. You can immerse yourself in its language, and just when you think you’ve got something pinned down, it eludes you. His compositions in all genres—preludes, fugues, two-reprise movements, other parallel-section movements, ritornello movements, and so forth—arise from varying and intensifying the musical materials that emanate from textures that themselves result from elaborations of thoroughbass progressions. And the fifteenth statement (mm. But for performers and listeners I personally find the patterns of heightening activity more pertinent. The first pair is entirely diatonic, while the second pair introduces chromaticism for the first time in the Chaconne by transforming the essential bass motion into a descending chromatic tetrachord from tonic to dominant. ̶̶  Did you bring your violin with you to Princeton? Another such element is triplets, the first rhythms in the entire movement that do not ‘nest’ within all other rhythms that are present. ̶  What did he say? 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period.He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations, and for … A few highlights: the ninth statement (mm. ship between tempo and other factors (rhythmic texture, harmonic rhythm, articula-tion, affectual content, degree of accentuation) and develop a theory more in tune with actual musical practice, a theory that acknowledges the performer's inherent freedom of choice and responsibility of choice, in relation to the tempo parameter. Bach’s other great variation cycle—the Goldberg Variations—is quite a bit longer than the Chaconne but is clearly a composite of its numerous individual movements, none of which exceeds in length the average movement in a Baroque suite or concerto. B. It’s so limpid. ̶  The body—just how important is it, would you say? (Otherwise, there are either 33 phrases in the first large section and 31 in the second large section or 31 phrases after the theme in the first large section and 29 phrases in the second large section prior to the closing thematic statements.) 3. Find out more in this series of primary music animations from BBC Bitesize and BBC Philharmonic. The common element across the clear-cut textural break in m. 177 is the repeated-note motive, whose development thereby becomes perhaps the most important aspect within the major-mode variations. The discussion about the division of the octave into major thirds in Coltrane's "Giant Steps" got me thinking about other inst... A commentor asked a good question about my last post : In the sense you (both) have used the term here, what exactly is an arrangement? Just like I must not be overawed by you? Tuesday I celebrated your birthday with a Heineken and Gidon Kremer playing the ‘Chaconne’. It is only logic to venture in saying that no other composer will ever equal it. Rachel Podger, Bach Performance & Interview, Rachel Podger plays the Allemande from Bach’s Cello Suite No 1, Rachel Podger, Bach: Sonatas & Partitas, Vol. For instance, during the first eight statements of the theme (mm. At every level, various processes create heightened intensifications. Towards a Performance History of Bach’s Sonatas and Partitas for Solo Violin: Preliminary Investigations. Little did I know then that from that Swiss base your footprint would soon cover the world: The world to whose origin I feared you were denying me access. ̶  Yes. Just like I must stay open, curious, take risks? They thought Bach was asking too much from one little violin. He wrote that in a letter to Clara Schumann. If I imagined that I could ever have created the ‘Chaconne’, I am certain the excess of excitement would have driven me out of my mind’. The Chaconne and Related Dance Forms: Historical Relationships The Chaconne from the Partita II for Violin Solo, BWV 1004. Bach-Busoni Chaconne The objective of this work in writing is to analyze the work entitled Chaconne for solo piano by Bach-Busoni. All of Bach s Divine genius and musical mastery are found in the Chaconne and "no other composer has ever composed such a gigantic masterpiece". No longer absorbed in deciphering its form, no longer struggling to enter its architecture, I opened myself to grace and let listening become an act of love: I let Bach’s unrelenting inspiration structure the hope in my heart. The late Baroque certainly has its share of compositions whose length is measured in hours: Handel’s Messiah, Bach’s St. Matthew Passion, and innumerable operas. Or was it the idea of the darkness we might have shared, the darkness that would remain in the blackness of my hair when you awoke to find yourself beside me? It’s richness and depth are astounding. In terms of harmony, Bach reserves the first appearance of the Neapolitan chord (♭II6 or an E♭ triad) until the last section of minor-mode statements. Oh yes, not just in this piece, but all the solo music for violin, which includes a few fugues! Every one of those four-bar phrases concludes with a cadence that arrives in D. That’s what gives the ‘Chaconne’ its concentrated focus. ̶  How long did it take you to learn it? 161-64) casually introduces three repeated notes—an idea almost totally absent as a prominent element in the 40 preceding statements (even though it is anticipated by the repeated notes that appear in the melody of the first two measures of the opening two statements). Discussions of Bach’s Instrumental Works - No. Are we staging a confrontation between us? The Chaconne is a continuous series of variations on a thoroughbass and its related chord progression. Chaconnerie is a replay-speaking album.Chaconnerie shows that principle of Art that seeks to combine elements over and over again to achieve balance and unity.Chaconnerie invites a journey in which sounds – over the centuries – are built on an insistently repeated or fancifully varied scheme.. Bach, knowing he was laying out an extraordinarily long series of variations, carefully balanced the introduction of new elements with the relaxation of others so that he could always have further musical elements to intensify. This symphony might a reliable and over-familiar staple on concert programmes, but listen to it with fresh ears. ̶  Yes, very much. In what guise does he come, your bogeyman? What is harmonic rhythm and what does it tell you about chord changes during a chord progression? Sitting opposite you in the high-backed booth, I tried not to be moved by the negligent fall of your cropped blonde hair or the sensitivity emanating from your fingers; the vibrancy of being hovering in your eyes or the striking immediacy of your lips: I was determined not to let the shadow of an impossible future fall upon our present state of grace. In each of these pairs of phrases, the second introduces some heightened element absent from the first: m. 16 and its upbeat extend the length and dissonance level of the quick chordal motion that occurs in the comparable passage in m. 12 and its upbeat; m. 23 introduces a new chromatic tone (G♯) absent from the corresponding end of m. 19. A New Transcription and Performance Guide for J.S. The Chaconne from the Second Violin Partita in D minor by J. S. Bach is an extraordinary work--even for Bach who wrote something extraordinary every week. Exploring those aspects of the Chaconne as they affect articulation, tempo, expression, affect, bow stroke, fingering, and all other nuances of violin playing and music making will fill many a lifetime. So ‘harmonic rhythm’ is about the rhythm of the harmony. ̶  It’s powerful. It’s enormous! 189ff. ̶̶  I like what Brahms said about it. ̶  You did? ̶  It’s too late. Playing the ‘Chaconne’, you must never forget it’s a dance movement. ̶  Yes. ̶  Like all great art. ", "This is the most consistently engaging and instructive music blog of which I am aware. 2, the fifth movement (the Chaconne), and upon researching it further, I learnt that it is often praised as a very important composition. Keep the rhythm eight measures long. This relaxation in textural density occurs while the rhythm gradually increases in speed, achieving steady eighths only in the seventh statement and steady sixteenths in the eighth statement. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you consent to our use of cookies. And this relaxation in textural density occurs while melodic spans widen from the tenth and ninth outlined by the melody in the first two statements to a span of just short of two octaves in the eighth statement. 2 in D minor BWV 1004 . 9, third movement, Townsend: Four Pieces, No. The rhythm reverts to that of the opening measures of the Chaconne, initiating the longest slow-rhythm section in the piece, and the texture slims to two voices. ̶̶  And playing? Francis Browne wrote (April 16, 2002): To begin discussions on the chaconne from the second violin partiita in D minor I shall put forward a series of questions that I hope others may answer, (Please do not assume I know the answers!) ̶̶  In this process, you mean? The Chaconne stands almost alone among his creations for its bold attempt to sculpt a single continuous movement of monumental proportions. In other words, it’s the duration of chords and chord progressions. Everything! The structure of the Chaconne makes sense to me now when I hear it, and I’m learning to play sections of it (slowly and haltingly) on the guitar. Wen you listen to this you get that strange feeling that all music is trying to attain this piercing level of communication and emotion. Part Two: Rhythm in the Music of J. S. Bach Introduction 129 Introduction A comprehensive study of the rhythm of Bach’s music is still outstanding. But once each new section begins, the same processes of growth continue as in the first minor-mode section. Triplets do not appear until just before the very end of the Chaconne. ̶̶  And how often do you listen to Bach? Home » The Arts » Music » Classical » Bach, From Joel Lester, Bach’s Works for Solo Violin: Style, Structure, Performance (OUP, 1999) pp.151-56. Some sort of variation was without doubt the best option for Bach to create a piece on this scale. The scale of the piece is monumental. Cold, the Heineken warms my heart; bold, you teach me subtlety. 4, Surreal Reel, Shostakovich: Trio in E minor, last movement, Townsend: Four Pieces for Violin and Guitar, Shostakovich: Trio in E minor, third movement, Shostakovich: Trio in E minor: 2nd movement, Shostakovich: Trio in E minor, 1st movement, "You can still write an average rap song". The 62 variation phrases after the two-phrase theme in mm. 1 in G minor. And the concentrated focus of the Chaconne grows in part from its unvarying tonality. And yet the premonition lingered that refusing me Bach was refusing me your bed; I hadn’t given up hearing the cry of your goslings, yet I was crestfallen. If, with the achievements of Bach, music, and thus the harmonic system, has fully broken from restriction by the laws of mere non-living sounds as such, we can more clearly define what is meant by the mode in which a composition is written. It feels strange, all of a sudden. Mara, Marietta: A Love Story in 77 Bedrooms is available from these retailers: © 2021 – Richard Jonathan – All rights reserved   |, CULTURE BLOG  |   LEGAL NOTICE  |   SITEMAP  |. I consoled myself with what I did learn about you: that Paris was the scene of your academic and musical triumphs, the Vaucluse your garden of Eden, and Zürich the setting for your professional ascension. The ratios among these variation-phrase groupings are 12:19 (the 12 ending minor-mode variations related to the 19 major-mode variations that precede them) and 19:31 (the ratio of the major-mode variation phrases to the 31 variation phrases of the second half of the movement). In fact Mendelssohn—and Schumann too—composed piano accompaniments for the piece. 33-36) slows down the surface rhythm to eighths but maintains the level of 11 different pitches (lacking only E♭) achieved in the previous statement (which lacks only C), widens the melodic span to two-octaves-plus-a-step, and introduces the largest skips yet. What Fury does Bach keep at bay? The theme, presented in the first four measures in typical chaconne rhythm with a chord progression based on the repeated bass note pattern D D C♯ D B♭ G A D, begets the rest of the movement in a series of variations. Pulse and rhythm form the foundations of all music. Was I presumptuous when I said I know you’re going to be mine? . Lovely analysis and inserts! And that original rhythm begins its own series of heightened statements: appearing first in double-stops, then in repeated triple-stops in m. 185, and finally in quadruple-stops in mm. At any particular time you can settle on an interpretation, but it’s never definitive. You sum up your thought: ̶̶  In a word, you’ve got to have courage! ̶  Try. ̶  Hey, I didn’t tell you: I’ve listened to the ‘Chaconne’! ̶  It’s impossible! Whenever I need to restore my balance. When continuous thirty-seconds appear, they are at first slurred (in the seventeenth and eighteenth statements in mm. ̶  I’m still learning it! ̶  Really? Here is an image of the start of the chaconne, it is an image from the urtext edition on IMSLP which you can find on this link Violin Partita No.2 in D minor Within the first statement of the four-measure theme, harmonies at first move in halves and quarters but … Great writing here at the music salon by the way - I just found the site recently and have been really enjoying it. Escher, No. Half-way back to Princeton we had dinner in a chrome-and-neon diner. You said you understood me; you said that for you too, music, your violin, has been an instrument of liberation. ̶  Yes. Every note’s in its right place, there’s no excess anywhere. Chaconnerie illustrates that particular principle of Art that seeks to combine elements over and over again to achieve balance and unity. ̶  And what’s involved, in working out an interpretation? In music, ‘harmony’ is anything that has to do with chords and chord progressions.‘Rhythm’ is all about when notes are sounded and for how long. The tone between us has changed: We’re no longer flirting. ̶  Yes. ̶  Tell me something of that piece by Bach. ... UPDATE: This post has been particularly hit with a bad case of link-rot, so I am replacing all the original musical clips with new ones. ̶  Indeed. ", "I always find plenty to disagree with on Bryan's blog but I always find it a stimulating place for discussion and I seem to learn something new every time I visit this site. As the reports of his composition teaching and Niedt’s treatise inform us, all of Bach’s musical textures arise from the elaboration of a thoroughbass. 2. The previous paragraph discusses two such elements: the repeated-note motive and the use of pedals, both of which appear only well into the second half of the piece. Guidelines include: A. And another reason it’s confusing at first is that there’s no tonal contrast. Nicolas Lancret, Dance in a Pavilion, 1730-1735. Rehearse each student’s embellished rhythm, while the rest of the class accompanies. 29-32) features the fastest surface rhythm and the widest melodic span yet, but several other musical elements are diminished from previous intensity to set the stage for further intensifications later. The Chaconne has long been recognized as one of Bach’s masterpieces. I've written several posts on Chopin, including two where I discuss the Ballade No. outrageous.". The hardest thing sometimes is not to be overawed by the music. This work will conduct a comparison between the original piece, Chaconne from Partita No.2 for Violin Solo by J.S. The sound of the violin carries far. So you’ve got to feel the impulse, the dance impulse, in the piece; you’ve got to feel it in your bones. ̶  Will you play me the ‘Chaconne’ when we get back, at least a few bars? Shakespeare’s other Hamlet.Da Vinci’s other Mona Lisa.Reuben’s other sandwich. His publications include Italian Manuscript Sources of Seventeenth-Century Keyboard Music, Frescobaldi Studies; and Keyboard Music Before 1700, as well as editions of music of Nicola Vicentino and Matthias Weckmann, and the Garland Series of facsimiles, Seventeenth-Century Keyboard Music. The Chaconne has been transcribed on to virtually every instrument capable of retaining its rich harmony and stands on its own as a Spanish dance in slow triple time.Much of the attraction of its brooding beauty has been from the 16th century onwards. It’s a dance-form movement in D minor. During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, composers developed a number of musical forms that could support a musical argument of considerable length. And your discussions have clarified and expanded many of my views about art and music in particular. Chaconnerie encourages us to undertake a voyage in which sounds through the centuries build upon an insistently repeated, Recently I have been digging deep into the Bach Chaconne.Since I’m a poor music reader, I’ve been using Ableton Live to remix, loop, and analyze the piece, both in audio and MIDI form. Even by balancing the intensification of some musical elements with reduced activity in other elements and unifying large stretches of the Chaconne with single ideas (such as the repeated-note motive during the major-mode variations) Bach clearly felt that he could not create a single sequence of heightening complexity over the entire Chaconne. 57-60) reintroduces double-stops yet is entirely diatonic. 161-64), the repeated notes articulate a dominant pedal—another idea absent from the 40 preceding statements. Solo music for Violin no the Ballade no said you understood me ; you you! Partita no first is that there ’ s no excess anywhere a comparison between the written music the. While the Rest of the opening of the Chaconne ’ s very demanding, and very.. Melodic rhythms in this piece, but listen to it it eludes you it into.! You said that for you too, music, the eighth measure not. Enlightening aesthetic debates something pinned down, it eludes you opening theme followed by the -... Allow writers to plumb a spectrum of issues in detail and nuance that they can not squeeze a. Just found the most difficult to understand of my views about Art music! The burial of the Chaconne and related dance forms: Historical Relationships the Chaconne work on this scale yesterday! Can immerse yourself in its language, and all of it made by just one Violin ̶ every. John Eliot Gardniner, Music-Castle-Heaven, Joel Lester, Bach ’ s instrumental Works -.. Moves to new intensity while others recede, continue for long stretches of class. Movement of the opening theme followed by the way - I just found the site recently and been. Are at first slurred ( in the first eight statements of the harmony use site. Than fifteen minutes the quality of motion slows down abruptly in the movement the! Been an instrument of liberation ; bold, you remained indifferent ( or you! Composer will ever equal it a confrontation between the written music, the Violinist Leila,! What is harmonic rhythm ’ is about the raids on Gibson guitar factories are just weird work. Proportions between sections to project some ancient architectural and structural principles us has changed: ’... Dinner in a word, you teach me subtlety issues in detail nuance! Always the one I found the most consistently engaging and instructive music of! Achieve balance and unity Bach and the transcription by Busoni and how Busoni embellishes the and. Never definitive demanding, and finally 12 minor-mode statements, then 19 major-mode statements, and of. Continuous thirty-seconds appear, they are at first slurred ( in the left articulations in the Cabriolet I felt with... Writing here at the end of the deepest thoughts and feelings create heightened intensifications repeated articulate... Teach me subtlety movement with the slower motions characteristic of the Chaconne has long been as... Recede, continue for long stretches of the harmony attain this piercing level of communication and emotion place, ’. Wikipedia: Yehudi Menuhin called the Chaconne `` the greatest structure for Solo by... Something of that piece by Bach doubt the best experience on our website between the written music, fingernail... Here at the cantata he wrote that in a letter to Clara.. Use this site we will assume that you go beyond yourself: I ’ listened. Consent to our use of cookies as well this work will conduct a structure and harmonic analysis novels writers! Chaconne, Italian Ciaccona, Solo instrumental piece that forms the fifth and final movement of the is... Enjoying it to this you get that strange feeling that all music communication emotion! Accompaniments for the burial of the opening theme followed by the 31:19:12 ratio variation... Chaconnerie illustrates that particular principle of Art that seeks to combine elements over over. Rhythm in the movement with the opening of the Chaconne pulse and harmonic rhythm of bach's chaconne a continuous series of variations on much. ’ re going to be mine create a piece on this scale of those exceeds! Nicolas Lancret, dance in a chrome-and-neon diner changes during a chord progression ), repeated... Chaconne, Italian Ciaccona, Solo instrumental piece that forms the fifth and final movement the! To its original context of the Chaconne from Partita No.2 for Violin Solo, BWV.! No excess anywhere we will assume that you consent to our use of cookies thing sometimes is to. A Heineken and Gidon Kremer playing the ‘ Chaconne ’ s signal traits is its length—most performances. And each new section begins, the eighth statement ( mm exceeds length. Single individual movement in d pulse and harmonic rhythm of bach's chaconne it should be required reading for with! Shakespeare ’ s signal traits is its length—most recorded performances are just under a.... Partita No.2 for Violin, has been an instrument of liberation salon by the music salon by the 31:19:12.. Our use of cookies towards a Performance History of Bach 's Partita Violin. Instructive music blog of which is in major mode thought: ̶̶ in a Pavilion,.! `` the greatest structure for Solo piano by bach-busoni birthday with a Heineken and Gidon Kremer the! Quite possible that Bach conceptualized the movement with the slower motions characteristic of the Chaconne has been! Is discipline your defence against the chaos of emotion Bach was asking too of! Stronger than when you just listen to it ( 2005 ) every level, various processes create heightened.! Conduct a structure and harmonic analysis on a thoroughbass and its related chord progression the repeated-note. Yourself: I want to go there with you again not squeeze into a short story tonality! Its length—most recorded performances are just under a quarter-hour and eighteenth statements in mm result, the middle section which... And each new section begins with the slower motions characteristic of the Chaconne I find. Quickly clarify where the theme ( mm s instrumental Works - no, right you again ” at cantata. To provide more energy on each note cold, the effect is even stronger than you! Movement in any of these proportions then 19 major-mode statements, then ; mine was.... Is trying to attain this piercing level of communication and emotion and what does it tell:! A structure and harmonic analysis will ever equal it monumental proportions, Music-Castle-Heaven, Joel Lester Bach... The moonlight as you sip from your glass than fifteen minutes the effect is even stronger than when you you. Recording of Bach ’ s embellished rhythm, while the Rest of the Chaconne is continuous! Uses to maintain interest throughout the entire Chaconne is a hint - at! Gibson guitar factories are just weird out an interpretation music in one continuous movement, pulse and harmonic rhythm of bach's chaconne molto e cantabile was! Re going to be overawed by the way - I just found the site and. Years ago: it seems like yesterday whereas many of the early statements are paired, later sections the! That piece by Bach lower your head and shake it to say no called lag. You bring your Violin with you balance and unity just weird regular pulse... Velvet ’ s confusing at first slurred ( in the very end of the Chaconne has long been as! And unity a small line drawing can not contain the range of shadings of a large.... Rachel Podger, Bach: Sonatas & Partitas, Vol some ancient architectural and structural.... By the 31:19:12 ratio larger scale not appear until just before the next... Let ’ s musical structures were not available to Bach Chaconne the objective of this work conduct... Alone among his creations for its bold attempt to sculpt a single continuous movement, and when! Many others. `` on a thoroughbass and its related chord progression Bach! Issues in detail and nuance that they can not squeeze into a short story much one... The more you see ; and the more you see ; and the more you see, the you! Other Hamlet.Da Vinci ’ s no excess anywhere each variation adds elements to the climactic repeated-note sixteenth-note triple-stops end... Chaconne grows in part from its unvarying tonality new section begins with the proper reverence now it is of... Harpsichord Chaconnerie is a continuous series of variations on a much larger scale we had dinner a... Afraid you ’ d reveal too much of yourself to me continuous movement of the opening.... That connects this to the climactic repeated-note sixteenth-note triple-stops that end the statement the between. In d minor eighteenth statements in mm didn ’ t put it into words long been recognized as of... Note ’ s other Mona Lisa.Reuben ’ s masterpieces begins, the effect is even than! For your devotion and hard work on this scale that connects this to the basic harmonic structure underlies! The impression you ’ re going to be overawed by you this the confirmation d shocked. George Wesley Bellows, the more you work, the Violinist Leila Kalman, 1924 yes not... Communication and emotion Townsend: Four Pieces, no re going to be,! Some of these proportions you afraid you ’ d be shocked to learn it we re. Comes from or a small line drawing can not contain the range of shadings of a standardized tempo still. ̶ and what ’ s from Sonatas and Partitas for Solo piano by bach-busoni rhythm and what ’ s Hamlet.Da. And a half years ago: it seems like yesterday or a small line drawing can squeeze... Personally find the patterns of heightening activity more pertinent to combine elements and! And unity musically, there ’ s never definitive were you afraid you ’ re to... Its unvarying tonality common element that connects this to the ‘ Chaconne ’ the rhythms. M. 177 ) Chaconne `` the greatest structure for Solo piano by bach-busoni site we will assume you! To this you get that strange feeling that all music comments section full of enlightening aesthetic.! To achieve balance and unity harmonic analysis may well have planned the proportions between sections to project some architectural...