C) contribute to a more equal distribution of income. B. are essential to the reallocation of resources from less desired to more desired goods. D. equalize the distribution of income in the long run. 36. A profit and loss report is based on the calculation of profit (loss). The reliability of the financial results and analysis of economic activity depend on the accuracy of its calculation. Accounting Profit: How to Calculate. Economic profits and losses: A. D. equalize the distribution of income in the long run. D) reallocate resources from less desired to more desired uses. Responses to Profits and Losses • Will the firm remain in business in the long run? A monopolist calculates its profit or loss by using its average cost (AC) curve to determine its production costs and then subtracting that number from total revenue (TR). – If it covers ALL of its costs • Firms that earn normal profit recover only their opportunity cost • Firms that earn positive economic profit recover more than their opportunity cost • Markets in which firms are earning economic Average cost in this example is average total cost (ATC). Unfortunately, they lack an understanding of the formation and function of profits and losses in a free market economy. Why? Many economic issues concern profit and loss. B. are essential to the reallocation of resources from less desired to more desired goods. B) achieve full employment and price level stability. Profits and Losses with the Average Cost Curve. He actually sustains an economic loss of $9,000. From society’s point of view the economic function of profits and losses is to: A) promote the equal distribution of real assets and wealth. How do you feel about business profits and losses? Economic profits and losses: A. are both considered by economists to be a part of production costs. Does maximizing profit (producing where MR = MC) imply an actual economic profit? 3. Economists like to concentrate on economic profits and losses rather than accounting profits or losses because the economic profits and losses … The answer depends on firm’s profit margin (or average profit), which is the relationship between price and average total cost. Economic profits and losses: A. are both considered by economists to be a part of production costs. When you know this fact, his decision to switch careers doesn’t seem like such a good idea. And if profits are bad, are losses good? C. have no influence on the composition of domestic output. Are profits bad? Accounting profit is one of the critical indicators. Most people have strong feelings about these questions. Recall from previous lectures that firms use their average cost (AC) to determine profitability. C. have no influence on the composition of domestic output. Why? The profit and loss (P&L) statement is a financial statement that summarizes the revenues, costs, and expenses incurred during a specified period, usually a … Chapter 7 – Opportunity Cost, Economic Profit and Losses, and the Miracle of Markets Business success has a clear and simple measure — the bottom line, or the profits that remain once you subtract all costs from your revenues. Are essential to the reallocation of resources from less desired to more desired good B. Equalize the distribution of income in the long run C. Are both considered by economist to be a part of production costs D. 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